Cramps and menstrual pain

Menstrual Cramps Causes & Tips To Manage It

If you never suffer from period pain or menstrual cramps then you’re a very lucky girl. Unfortunately, for many girls, it’s just a plain fact of life that before and during a period you may suffer from menstrual cramps (doctors call menstrual pain dysmenorrhoea).


Usually menstrual pain is mild. But sometimes it can be severe. Menstrual pains can vary: either sharp stabs that make you double up, or a nagging pain that spreads through your belly and lower back. Some girls also experience dizziness, nausea, diarrhoea or even vomiting.

What causes cramps?

Menstrual cramps are caused by prostaglandins – substances that occur naturally in your body and cause the uterus to contract. If you don’t ovulate, it’s unlikely that you’ll get cramps during your period.

Tackling cramps

If you’re suffering from cramps and other period pain, try a combination of these to feel better:

  • Ask your mom for an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen or paracetamol. These medicines can help make the cramps less severe. Be sure to ask your mom first though, before taking anything to help with your cramps.
  • Regular exercise and stretching are very effective
  • Gently rub your abdomen to help relax the muscles
  • Take a warm bath or ask your mom if it would be OK to apply a heating pad on your lower abdomen or back to reduce your period pain.

Learn these 7 useful tips to cope with menstrual cramps here.

Read useful health tips for women here.

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